China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area,[k] depending on the source consulted. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
China emerged as one of the world's earliest civilizations, in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain. For millennia, China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies, or dynasties. Dynastic rule ended in 1912 with the Xinhai Revolution, when a republic replaced the Qing dynasty. The Chinese Civil War resulted in a division of territory in 1949, when the Communist Party of China established the People's Republic of China, a unitary one-party sovereign state on Mainland China.
Even today, China manages to preserve some of the legacies and treasures from its dynasty era, including the Forbidden City and Old Summer Palace which attract thousands of visitors from all over the world every year. Furthermore, it boasts one of the richest cultures and longest histories in the world and often finds itself featured in main Western media for its rapidly growing economy and interesting cultural phenomena where traditions and new pop culture collide and merge.
I was born in Shenzhen, China and have lived there for 13 years before moving to Canada with my family. But we brought part of the culture with us. In my house, there are a lot of blue-and-white porcelain furniture and a special tea table covered with all kinds of traditional Chinese tea and tea ceremony tools. We celebrate every important Chinese holiday and cook Chinese dishes, including my favorite Sichuan and Cantonese cuisines and hot pot.
October 1 was China’s national holiday, and the Chinese people usually enjoy a week of national holiday around this time. China was founded on September 21, 1949, with a ceremony commerating the forming of the Central People's Government taking place in Tiananmen Square on October 1 that year. The National Day is celebrated throughout mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau with a variety of government-organized festivities, including fireworks and concerts. Public places, such as Tiananmen Squarein Beijing, are decorated in a festive theme. Portraits of revered leaders, such as Mao Zedong, are publicly displayed.
Fun fact: People in China use WeChat, a mobile social media app, to do almost everything from chatting with friends to shopping and sending an online payment to playing a game, splitting the bill at lunch or even hailing a taxi for a ride home.
Source: Wikipedia, Periphery Digital