Guatemala is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean sea to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast. With an estimated population of around 16.6 million, it is the most populated state in Central America. The capital and largest city of Guatemala is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City.
Guatemala is the largest economy in Central America, with a GDP (PPP) per capita of US$5,200. Tourism has become one of the main drivers of the economy. In Guatemala's territory, there are fascinating Mayan archaeological sites like Tikal in the Peten, Quiriguá in Izabal, Iximche in Tecpan Chimaltenango and Guatemala City which attract tourists. Other attractions include beautiful sceneries like Lake Atitlan and Semuc Champey (a natural monument which consists of a natural 300 m limestone bridge, under which the Cahabón River passes) and historical sites in the colonial city of Antigua Guatemala, which is recognized by UNESCO Cultural Heritage.
Guatemala is a highly diverse country, populated by a variety of ethnic, cultural, racial, and linguistic groups. Majority of the population is either Mestizo (also known as Ladino) which reflects mixed indigenous and European heritage or full Amerindian. The people of Guatemala mainly speak Spanish,which is the official language.
In terms of culture, Guatemala City is home to many of the nation's libraries and museums, including the National Archives, the National Library, and the Museum of Archeology and Ethnology, which has an extensive collection of Maya artifacts. It also boasts private museums such as the Ixchel, which focuses on textiles, and the Popol Vuh, which focuses on Maya archaeology. Both these museums are housed on the Universidad Francisco Marroquín campus. Most of the 329 municipalities in the country have at least a small museum.
Fun fact : The Quetzal is the national bird, and White Nun Orchid (Monja Blanca) is the national flower of Guatemala.