Flag of the Week: Luxembourg

Author name
Isabella Wang

This week we celebrate Luxembourg, one of the world’s smallest countries in the heart of Europe. It is surrounded by land on all sides, bordered by Belgium to the West, France to the South, and Germany to the East.


Artwork © Clover Robin, The Bright Agency


Luxembourg’s name originated from the Lucilinburhuc (“little fortress”) castle bought by Siegfried, count of Ardennes, in 963 C.E.. This castle was a symbol of the foundation of Luxembourg. Today, it is the only remaining Grand Duchy in the world with a Grand Duke as head of state.


Before obtaining its legal independence in 1815, Luxembourg frequently changed between German and French rule, and also fell into the hands of the Netherlands. It achieved total independence in 1890 and became a center for Europe’s judicial and financial institutions due to its key location between two major powers of Europe, France and Germany. As a result, Luxembourg has three official languages (Luxembourgish, German and French) and promotes a unique multilingualism in its music, literature, theatre, opera, and cinema.


Luxembourg’s capital, Luxembourg City | WorldAtlas.com


Luxembourg houses around 600,000 residents, of which 48% have a foreign nationality! .  A majority of residents are Roman Catholics, mainly due to the fact that Luxembourg natives are mainly Roman Catholic and most immigrants are from Italy and Portugal.

On weekdays, it attracts more than 170,000 workers from neighboring countries such as France, Belgium, and Germany. Also, immigration has increased due to the rapid development of Luxembourg’s steel industry in the 1800’s and 1900’s. As a result, Luxembourg’s society is diverse and multicultural, which has contributed to its prosperity.



Portuguese dance and traditions in Luxembourg’s culture


There’s a saying, “Just as Egypt is a gift of the Nile, Luxembourg is a gift of iron.” Steel production dominated the economy for nearly a century and transformed Luxembourg into one of the world's wealthiest industrialized countries. In the 1970s and 1980s, after the demand for steel dropped and the steel industry slowed, it became one of Europe's most important financial services centers. Despite its small size, Luxembourg has played a role in major European developments. To this day, Luxembourg is represented in all institutions of the European Union and actively works to integrate Europe. The RTL Group, Europe’s largest entertainment network, is also based in Luxembourg.