Paraguay is one of only two landlocked countries in South America (the other is Bolivia). It is bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest. Paraguay lies on both banks of the Paraguay River, which runs through the center of the country from north to south. Due to its central location in South America, it is sometimes referred to as Corazón de Sudamérica ("Heart of South America").
Like many other South American countries, Paraguay was colonized by the Spanish. But it overthrew the local Spanish administration on 14 May 1811. Paraguay is also a bilingual nation. Both Spanish and Guaraní are official languages. The Guarani language is a remarkable trace of the indigenous Guaraní culture that has endured in Paraguay, which is generally understood by 95% of the population. Guaraní claims its place as one of the last surviving and thriving of South American indigenous national languages.
Paraguayan culture is a fusion of two cultures and traditions: one European, the other, Southern Guaraní. This cultural fusion is expressed in arts such as embroidery (ao po'í) and lace making (ñandutí). The music of Paraguay, which consists of lilting polkas, bouncy galopas, and languid guaranias is played on the native harp. You can listen to a traditional Paraguayan folk song on the harp at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zFplg-Zor1I
- In Paraguay, pistol dueling is legal as long as both parties are registered blood donors.
- Paraguay is the only country in the world whose flag has different emblems on each side. On the front is Paraguay’s Coat of Arms, and on the back is its Treasury Seal with the motto ‘Paz y Justica’ (Peace and Justice).
Sources: Wikipedia, theFACTfile. Atlas & Boots