Portugal is one of the oldest nations in Europe. Before becoming the country that is today the Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, Vandals, Swabian, Visigoths and Arabs dominated and passed by the western part of the Iberic peninsula. Given the long history and developed culture, Portuguese language, people, and inventions arrived to influence many parts of the world.
For instance, the Portuguese were the first Europeans explorer to arrive in the unknown lands of America and Africa. Portugal went on to establish many colonies and create its own monopolies. Brazil was discovered in 1500 and became Portugal’s richest colony.
Today Portugal is mainly known for tourism and its food. Like the rest of Europe Portugal suffered in the recession of 2009, experiencing an extremely low employments rate. Portugal is eventually recovering and thanks to government’s subsidies its economy began growing again. Today the population of Portugal is 10.8 million.
Portugal is one of the most visited countries due to its idyllic climate, affordable travel costs, and exceptional attractions. The best places to visit, as recommended by Touropia, include Sintra Mountains featuring castles and palaces immersed in verdant hills; the Algarve with sunny Mediterranean climate wonderful beaches and cuisine; and finally, Lisbon, the capital and largest city, enchanting destination of colorful neighborhoods and traditional music
Fun fact: There are more Portuguese native outside Portugal than in Portugal itself.