Text on the image
Rwanda lies south of the Equator in east-central Africa.
Symbols on the Flag
The design of Rwanda’s flag represents its lush vegetation, bathed in the yellow light of the sun.
[Image of Rwanda’s flag]
- Area: 10,169 sq. mi. (26,338 sq. km.)
- Population: 12,956,000
- Capital: Kigali
- Languages: Rwanda; French; English; Swahili
- Religion: no official religion
- Currency: Rwandan franc (RF)
Rwanda is by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its dominant geographic feature is a chain of mountains that runs on a north-south axis and forms part of the Congo-Nile divide.
[Image of a Virunga volcano in Rwanda]
President: Paul Kagame
[Image of Paul Kagame]
Humanitarian: Paul Rusesabagina
[Image of Paul Rusesabagina]
Paul Kagame became the president of Rwanda in 2000. Paul Rusesabagina is credited with hiding and protecting 1,268 Hutu and Tutsi refugees during the Rwandan Genocide.
Food and Culture
Rwandan cuisine often includes sweet potatoes, beans, corn, peas, millet, plantains, cassava, and fruit. Much of Rwanda’s traditional cultural heritage revolved around dances, praise songs, and dynastic poems.