Tanzania is a presidential constitutional republic country in Eastern Africa, located within the African Great Lakes region. The country has a population of 51.82 million and total area of 967,303 square kilometers, making it a bit more than twice the size of California. Although Tanzania’s capital city is Dodoma, its previous capital city, Dar es Salaam, is the country’s largest city and leading commercial center. Tanzania is also home to Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa’s highest mountain.
There are no de jure official languages in Tanzania, but the national language is Swahili and a common language for government use and higher education is English. Tanzania is the most linguistically diverse country in East Africa with over 100 different languages spoken across the country. Around 90% of Tanzanians speak a local language as their first language and Swahili as their second language, but more young children are speaking Swahili in recent years as a first language in urban areas. This decline in use of smaller languages in Tanzania can be attributed in part to the widespread use and promotion of Swahili as a unifying language among the country’s various ethnic groups.
Tanzania has set aside approximately 38% of its land area as protected areas for conservation. The country has 16 national parks and various game and forests reserves. Its Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA) is a recognized World Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization and is home to approximately 25,000 large animals, such as the black rhinoceros and the Masai lions. Although wildlife conservation has been the prerogative of the government, in recent years, the Tanzania National Parks Authority (TANAPA) has been working to reincorporate the local community in conservation efforts aimed at contributing to the local economies.
Fun fact: The lions in Tanzania’s Lake Manyara National Park can climb trees!
Sources: Wikipedia, sevennaturalwonders.org