The Bahamas, known officially as the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, is a country within the Lucayan Archipelago. The archipelagic state consists of more than 700 islands, cays, and islets in the Atlantic Ocean, and is located north of Cuba and Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), northwest of the Turks and Caicos Islands, southeast of Florida, and east of the Florida Keys. The capital is Nassau on the island of New Providence. The Bahamas became an independent Commonwealth Realm in 1973.
It is also one of the richest countries in the Americas (following the United States and Canada), with an economy based on tourism and finance.