Portugal is one of the oldest nations in Europe. Before becoming the country that is today the Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, Vandals, Swabian, Visigoths and Arabs dominated and passed by the western part of the Iberic peninsula. Given the long history and developed culture, Portuguese language, people, and inventions arrived to influence many parts of the world.
For instance, the Portuguese were the first Europeans explorer to arrive in the unknown lands of America and Africa. Portugal went on to establish many colonies and create its own monopolies. Brazil was discovered in 1500 and became Portugal’s richest colony.