Student Conduct


Any disciplinary hearing may result in penalties (singly or in combination), including, but not limited to, those from the following list. In determining appropriate sanctions, consideration may be given to the nature of and circumstances surrounding the violation, the student’s/group’s acceptance of responsibility, prior disciplinary violations, the impact of a sanction on the student/group, precedent cases, university interests and any other information deemed relevant by a hearing panel/officer. (Status sanctioning guidelines for academic dishonesty cases is available here.)

Should a hearing panel/officer determine at any point during the investigation or adjudication of a violation that a violation was motivated in part or whole by race, color, religion, national origin, disability, veteran status, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, sex, genetic information, or age, the hearing panel/officer may consider this information an aggravating factor that increases the stringency of the sanction(s).

For cases resolved through the Undergraduate Conduct Board, all sanctions are decided by majority vote with the exception of a suspension or expulsion of an individual or dissolution of a group. These sanctions must be supported unanimously by a three-person panel or by four members of a five-person panel. 

Students who have been assigned sanctions with deadlines (e.g., community service, educational initiatives) should communicate with their conduct officer if they cannot complete a sanction by the deadline or need assistance in doing so. Failure to adequately complete sanctions may result in re-entry into the disciplinary process for a potential violation of Failure to Comply.


Dismissal and permanent removal from the university without possibility of readmission or reinstatement. A permanent notation to that effect is made on the student’s permanent academic record.

Degree Revocation

A student’s degree may be revoked. In such a case, a permanent notation to that effect is made on the student’s permanent academic record.

A suspension is an involuntary dismissal from the university for a specified period of time, which may include the current semester and such additional semesters as deemed appropriate by the hearing panel/conduct officer.

Readmission as an undergraduate student in good standing is coordinated through the Office of Student Returns and is contingent upon satisfaction of any requirements stated in the original sanction. Upon a student’s readmission to and matriculation in the university, the student is placed on disciplinary probation for at least one semester or for as long as a hearing panel/conduct officer determines is appropriate. Readmission for graduate/professional students is coordinated through their respective dean.

As suspension constitutes an involuntary withdrawal from the university, a permanent notation to that effect is made on the student’s permanent academic record.

A student who is suspended after having satisfied all degree requirements must apply for readmission in accordance with normal procedures. If readmitted, the student’s degree will be awarded at the regular conferral date for the final semester of the suspension period. The student may not participate in commencement exercises until readmitted.

In the event that a disciplinary suspension and an academic withdrawal occur simultaneously, the two withdrawals are to be in effect consecutively.

Students suspended twice as a consequence of having been found responsible for academic misconduct are eligible to apply for readmission no sooner than five years after the date of the second withdrawal.

Dissolution (Group)

The privilege of a group to be recognized at Duke University may be suspended or revoked (dissolution).

Suspension of Activity (Group)
Residential or cohesive units may be suspended for a specified time period from activities sponsored, cosponsored, performed by, or attended by its members on and/or off campus. A suspension is generally followed by disciplinary probation for a specified period of time.

Disciplinary Probation
A status imposed on a student for a specific period of time during which another violation of university policy or violation of any of the conditions of the probation shall result in an augmented disciplinary action, including the possibility of suspension. Disciplinary probation restricts a student’s ability to study away from Duke through the Global Education Office for Undergraduates, participate in DukeEngage, and be released early from the three-year residency requirement. It also may impact other opportunities in which a student’s disciplinary record is considered as a criterion for participation.

Disciplinary Probation (Group)
A status imposed on a group for a specific period of time during which another violation of university policy or violation of any of the conditions of the probation shall result in an augmented disciplinary action, including the possibility of suspension of activity and/or dissolution. 

Formal Warning

A formal written reprimand for violation of the specified policy(ies).


A written notice indicating violation of the specified policy(ies). The resolution of this case will not become part of the student’s/group’s external disciplinary record (i.e., it will be treated as an informal resolution) unless there is a subsequent university policy violation.

Withdrawal of Privileges
This may include, but is not limited to, withdrawal of the privilege to have a car on campus, park on campus, attend or participate in university programs or activities (such as sporting events, intramurals, performances, graduation exercises, host/sponsor events, etc.), or maintain computer account privileges.

Housing License Restrictions/Revocation
A student’s/group’s privilege to live on campus may be restricted or revoked. This may include relocation, revocation for a period of time or permanent removal from the residential community. (Refunds for revocation may be denied based on HRL policies.)

A student or group may be excluded from access to or use of specified university-owned premises and/or facilities.

No Contact Order
A student or group may be prohibited from communicating with a named individual.

Payment for all or a portion of injury or damages to person(s) or property caused by an individual or a group.


Payment to Duke University of a reasonable sum of money by an individual or group.

Community Service

Specified length of time during which a student or group will perform in a service capacity at the university or in the Durham community beyond any volunteering with which he/she/it may already be involved. Before starting service, it must be preapproved by a conduct officer. Failure to complete community service within the specified period, and present verification, may result in additional hours assigned or further disciplinary action.

Mental Health/Medical Assessment and/or Treatment
A hearing panel/officer may recommend or require a student to seek a mental health/medical assessment from CAPS, Student Health, or other appropriate professional. The hearing panel/officer will not be privy to the contents of that assessment without the permission of the student but may require verification that the assessment was completed and that the student followed through with recommendations of the professional.

Educational Projects/Initiatives

Students or groups may be required to complete a project or a written assignment, attend an educational program, or seek assistance from the Academic Skills Instructional Program, the Writing Studio, DukeReach, or other university resources.