The Arabic word "Eid" refers to something habitual, that returns and is repeated, thus stands literally for a recurrent event. Islam Has two major holidays: Eid Al-Fitrah and Eid Al-Adha.
Eid ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر ‘Īdu l-Fiṭr), the Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic sacred month of fasting. Eid is an Arabic word meaning "festivity", while Fiṭr means "to break fast"; and so the holiday symbolizes the breaking of the fasting period, after the end of the Islamic month of Ramadan, on the first day of Shawwal.
Eid ul-Fitr lasts is a three daylong celebration and is also known as the "Smaller Eid" (Arabic: العيد الصغير al-‘īdu ṣ-ṣaghīr) as compared to the Eid ul-Adha which is a four day long celebration and is called the "Greater Eid" (Arabic: العيد الكبير al-‘īdu l-kabīr).
Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى ‘Īdu l-’Aḍḥā) "Festival of Sacrifice" or "Greater Eid" is celebrated by Muslims worldwide to commemorate the willingness of the Prophet Abraham (Ibrahim) (SA) to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to Allah (God). Eid is also about spending time with family and enjoying the fact that we all have food and a roof over our heads.
Eid al-Adha is the second of two Eid festivals celebrated by Muslims, whose basis comes from the Quran. Like Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha begins with a short prayer followed by a sermon (khuṭba).
Eid al-Adha falls on the 10th day of the month of Dhul Hijja (ذو الحجة) of the Islamic calendar. It last for four days. Eid al-Adha occurs the day after the pilgrims conducting Hajj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca located in Saudi Arabia.
The time for Eid Prayer is before noon. Like Friday Prayer, Eid Prayer is always offered in congregation. No Athan or Iqama is called for Eid Prayers.
One should have a full breakfast before proceeding to the Eidgah, the place where Eid Prayer is offered.
After the Eid Prayer, the Imam delivers a sermon. Like for the Friday Prayer, the Eid sermon consists of two parts. It should be noted that the sermon for the Friday Prayer precedes the Prayer, while on the occasion of Eid, the sermon follows the Prayer.
After the two Rak'at Eid-ul-Adha Prayer, the Imam and the congregation recite the following words of glorification of God in an audible voice:
Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, la ilaha illallahu wallhu akbar Allahu Akbar, wa lillahil hamd.
Allah is the Greatest; Allah is the Greatest. There is none worthy of worship except Allah; Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest and all Praise belongs to Him.
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